The Medical Oncology Operational Unit is an inpatient service for one-day hospitalization and has specialized departments which are each focused on a type of pathology. The Unit’s services are closely linked with those of the other Operational Units in order to provide patients a multidisciplinary diagnostic-therapeutic approach that takes into account all the specific skills operating within the Hospital. This leads to the choice of an integrated therapy that is currently at the base of all the most modern oncological treatments. The Operational Unit places patients, as a whole, as its ultimate goal, intended as the attainment of their physical, mental and social well-being.
Department ServicesThe assistance procedures for patients are implemented through the inpatient facility, one-day hospitalization and outpatient services. Through a first medical consultation, the oncology doctor determines which assistance setting is necessary for patients and personally arranges putting them on the list for either inpatient or one-day hospitalization or sets an appointment for an outpatient service.The average wait for inpatient hospitalization is from 5 to 7 days while keeping in mind the patient’s medical priorities. The Day Hospital (one-day hospitalization) is open five days a week, from Monday to Friday in the mornings and afternoons. An assistance service is also available provided under a nurse’s guidance for the maintenance of central and peripheral venous catheters in addition to the management of advanced medication modules. The department visits can be requested by phone or via e-mail, in person by the patient or by a doctor from another department in the Mater Olbia Hospital (MOH) and planned according to the type of service needed (oncological treatment, follow-up, etc.) The subsequent visits are planned at the end of the first visit.
Diseases Treated and Services
The Medical Oncology Operational Unit services are aimed at the most innovational diagnostic-therapeutic aspects of the various oncological diseases (breast, gynecological, gastroenterological, genitourinary, lung and brain tumors) with the exception of those regarding hematology issues (leukemia, lymphomas and myelomas). The entire assistance service, provided to each area of cancer pathologies, merges into multidisciplinary groups (Tumor Board) of Mater Olbia, in order to discuss cases according to the evidence-based guidelines and the Diagnostic Therapeutic Assistance Procedures developed by each group. For patients included in the assistance services of the Medical Oncology Operational Unit there is a Surgery Department that provides the installation of central venous catheters (PICC and Port-a-cath) and the insertion of long term abdominal or peritoneal drains. Within the multidisciplinary teams, the Operational Unit relies on the collaboration of the Psycho-Oncology and Medical Nutrition services in order to support patients throughout all the phases of their disease. When progress is achieved through the introduction of new medication and their use in medical practices, a personalized oncology that seeks to identify the “right treatment” for the “right patient” at the “right time” at the onset of the disease is increasingly more necessary. The fundamental challenge for our Unit regarding oncological research is identifying biomarkers that are increasingly more specific in responding to each medication and the development of new therapeutic protocols.
Diagnosis, therapy and follow-up of the following cancers:
- breast tumors
- tumors in the gastrointestinal system (esophagus, stomach, pancreas, colon-rectal, liver, biliary ducts)
- lung tumors
- tumors in the female reproductive system (ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva)
- tumors in the genitourinary system (prostate, kidney, bladder, testicle)
- other rare tumors (for ex. brain, sarcomas)